Diseases are increasingly recognized as threats to endangered populations of wildlife which can contract them through interaction with domestic animals such as dogs and cats.
With this project, we assessed the exposure of introduced and endemic carnivores to common viral and parasitic pathogens in two national parks of Madagascar (Kirindy Mitea National Park and Ankarafantsika National Park) and their neighboring villages. Furthermore, we identified risk factors which may influence the exposure of Fosa (Cryptoprocta ferox) to certain viruses and parasites. Our data provide a basis upon which to evaluate and manage risks of pathogen transmission between species.
Part of this project was presented as a poster at the Wildlife Disease Association Annual Conference (2016). A pdf copy of the poster is available here.
– Bublitz, D. C., Wright, P. C., Rasambainarivo FT., Arrigo-Nelson, S. J., Bodager, J. R. and Gillespie, T. R. (2014)
Pathogenic Enterobacteria in Lemurs associated with anthropogenic disturbance. American Journal of Primatology. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22348
– Bublitz DC, Wright PC, Bodager JR, Rasambainarivo FT, Bliska JB (2014)
Epidemiology of Pathogenic Enterobacteria in Humans, Livestock, and Peridomestic Rodents in Rural Madagascar.
PLoS ONE 9(7): e101456.(html)
– Rasambainarivo FT, RE Junge, and RJ Lewis. (2014)
Biomedical evaluation of Verreaux’s sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) in the Kirindy Mitea National Park, Madagascar.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(2):247-255. (html)
This project aimed at evaluating the health of free ranging Verreaux’s sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi), an endangered lemur species, living in the Kirindy Mitea National Park in Southwest Madagascar. Establishing reference physiologic parameters can contribute to the assessment of population risks and will help monitor the disease threats facing these endangered animals. For this project we evaluated the health of more than 30 individual sifaka which will provide a basis for comparison with other populations of verreaux’s sifaka in the wild.
– FT. Rasambainarivo, TR. Gillespie, PC. Wright, J. Arsenault, A. Villeneuve, and S. Lair.
Survey of Giardia and Cryptosporidium in lemurs from the Ranomafana National Park.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2013 49(3):741-743. (html)
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are two parasites that are prevalent in humans and domestic animals. When they infect lemurs, they may cause serious diseases and even death. We wanted to see whether wild lemurs in the Ranomafana National Park were infected with either or both of these potentially zoonotic parasites.
– FT. Rasambainarivo and RE Junge.
A 12-Month Survey of Gastrointestinal Helminth Infections of Lemurs Kept in Two Zoos in Madagascar.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2010 41(4):638-642. (html)
With this project we were trying to identify the different parasites that infect lemurs in captivity and quantify the parasite load throughout the year. Are there differences between two zoological parks, are there differences between the dry and the rainy season?
– RE Junge, CJ. Dutton, F Knightly, CV Williams. FT. Rasambainarivo, and EE. Louis.
Comparison of biomedical evaluation for white fronted brown lemurs (Eulemur fulvus albifrons) from four sites in Madagascar.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2008 39(4): 567–575. (html)
With this project, we were trying to determine the baseline values of various physiological parameters in white-fronted brown lemurs and compare them between animals living in four different sites, protected areas of Madagascar. What are the “normal” blood glucose value, white blood cell counts, serum protein concentration of white fronted brown lemurs in the wild? Are they exposed to human and domestic animal diseases? What are their parasite load?